On this day….20th March


Prime Minister Theresa May sets off on a tour of the U.K after being warned that a battle over devolution is looming. Meanwhile in America, the FBI director stands before a congressional committee which will ask him whether Donald Trump was wiretapped and whether there was collusion between the Trump campaign and Moscow.


American missiles hit the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, signalling the start of the US-led campaign to topple Saddam Hussein. President George Bush delivered a live television address shortly after the bombings began, vowing to “disarm Iraq and to free its people”. The attack was ordered two hours after a final 48-hour deadline expired for Saddam Hussein to leave Iraq.


Several packages of deadly sarin gas are set off in the Tokyo subway system killing twelve people and injuring over 5,000. Sarin gas was invented by the Nazis and is one of the most lethal nerve gases known to man.


Princess Anne and her husband Captain Mark Phillips escaped an apparent kidnap attempt in which four people were wounded. The royal couple were returning to Buckingham Palace  when their chauffer-driven Rolls-Royce was forced to halt by another car which blocked their route.


The football World Cup was stolen while on exhibition at Central Hall in Westminster, London.


The British government signs a secret agreement with Russia regarding the hypothetical post-World War I division of the former Ottoman Empire.  Russia would annex the Turkish stronghold of Constantinople, the Bosporus Strait, and more than half of the European section of Turkey. The agreement represented a complete turnaround from past British policy toward Russian control of Constantinople


Martha M Place of Brooklyn, New York, becomes the first woman to be executed in the electric chair in the United States for the murder of her stepdaughter.


The American Republican party was created, rapidly gaining support culminating in Republican Abraham Lincoln being elected president over a divided Democratic Party in November 1860. The Civil War firmly identified the Republican Party as the party of the victorious North, which saw the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution and the granting of equal rights to all Southern citizens. By 1876, the Republican Party had lost control of the South, but it continued to dominate the presidency until the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933.


Sir Walter Raleigh, who had been a firm favourite with Queen Elizabeth I (until she discovered Raleigh’s secret marriage to one of her maids of honour, and locked him away) is released from the Tower of London in order to look for gold in Guyana.The expedition was a failure, and Raleigh defied king James’ instructions by attacking the Spanish. On his return to England, the death sentence was reinstated and Raleigh’s execution took place on 29 October 1618.


According to scholars at the University of Paris, the Black Death was created from what they called “a triple conjunction of Saturn, Jupiter and Mars in the 40th degree of Aquarius, occurring on the 20th of March 1345″. The Black Death, also known as the Plague, swept across Europe, the Middle East and Asia during the 14th century, leaving an estimated 25 million dead in its wake.



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